Kuyini ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho nokuthi ukukhulula kanjani ukungakhululeki kwentamo

izinhlungu zentamo

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ukuthi kuyini ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho, izimbangela zako, ukwelashwa kanye nokuvimbela.

Kuyini ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho

ubuhlungu bokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho

Ukuqondisa komlomo wesibeletho kuyisimo sezokwelapha esithinta ukugoba kwemvelo komgogodla endaweni yentamo, eyaziwa ngokuthi umgogodla wesibeletho. Ngokuvamile, umgogodla womlomo wesibeletho une-curvature ethambile, eyaziwa ngokuthi i-cervical lordosis. Kodwa-ke, ezimweni zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho, Leli jika liyancishiswa noma lihlehlisiwe, okusho ukuthi umgogodla womlomo wesibeletho ubonakala uqondile kunokujwayelekile.

Lesi simo singaba umphumela wezici eziningana, njengokuma okungalungile, ukulimala okubuhlungu, ukungezwani okungapheli kwemisipha, noma izifo eziwohlokayo zomgogodla, njenge-arthritis yomlomo wesibeletho. Abantu abachitha isikhathi eside besesimweni esingenampilo, njengokuhlala phambi kwekhompyutha amahora amaningi ngosuku, Bangase babe sengozini enkulu yokuthola ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho.

Ukuxilongwa kuvame ukwenziwa ngokuhlolwa komtholampilo ngudokotela, ongase ahlele ukuhlolwa kwesithombe njengama-X-reyi, ama-MRIs, noma ama-CT scan ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuxilongwa nokuhlola ubucayi besimo.

Izimbangela

ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho

Izimbangela zokuqondisa komlomo wesibeletho zingahlukahluka futhi ngokuvamile zihlobene nezici ezithinta isakhiwo kanye nomsebenzi womgogodla esifundeni sentamo. Ezinye zezinto ezivame kakhulu ezingaba nomthelela ekuqondeni komlomo wesibeletho zihlanganisa:

  • Ukuma okungalungile: Ukugcina isimo esingesihle isikhathi eside, njengokuzingela phezu kwedeski noma ukuncikisa ikhanda lakho phambili ngenkathi ubuka ifoni noma ikhompuyutha, kungafaka ingcindezi eyengeziwe emgogodleni wesibeletho futhi kube nomthelela ekulahlekelweni kokugoba okuvamile.
  • Ukulimala okubuhlungu: Izingozi zezimoto, ukuwa, noma imithelela eqondile entanyeni kungabangela ukulimala komgogodla okuthinta ukugoba komlomo wesibeletho. Lokhu kulimala kungalimaza izicubu ezithambile, njengemisipha, imigqa, noma ama-intervertebral discs, angabangela izinguquko ekuqondeni komgogodla.
  • Ukuqina kwemisipha okungapheli: Ukucindezeleka okuqhubekayo kwemisipha entanyeni nasemahlombe, okubangelwa ukucindezeleka, i-ergonomics engalungile, noma ukuntuleka kokusebenza ngokomzimba, kungabangela ukungalingani kwemisipha okuthinta isikhundla nokugoba komgogodla womlomo wesibeletho.
  • Izifo ze-Degenerative: Izimo ezifana ne-arthritis yomlomo wesibeletho, i-spondylosis yomlomo wesibeletho, noma isifo se-disc degenerative kungabangela izinguquko eziwohlokayo emgodleni, njengokwakheka kwama-osteophytes (ukukhula kwamathambo), ukulahlekelwa ukuphakama kwe-intervertebral disc, noma ukuwohloka kwezicubu ezihlangene, ezingaba nomthelela emlonyeni wesibeletho. ukulungiswa.
  • Factores geneticos: Abanye abantu bangase babe ne-genetic predisposition ukuthuthukisa izinkinga zomgogodla, kuhlanganise nokuqondisa komlomo wesibeletho, ngenxa yezici zesakhiwo esizuzwe njengefa ezithinta ifomu nokusebenza komgogodla womlomo wesibeletho.

Izimpawu zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho

ubuhlungu bomlomo wesibeletho

Izimpawu ezihambisana nokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho zingahluka ngobunzima futhi zingathinta izinga lempilo yalabo abaphethwe yikho. Ezinye zezimpawu ezivame kakhulu yilezi:

  • Ubuhlungu bentamo: Ubuhlungu bomlomo wesibeletho bungenye yezimpawu ezivame kakhulu futhi bungahluka kusukela ekuphathekeni okuncane kuya ebuhlungu obukhulu futhi obuqhubekayo. Ubuhlungu obungase buhlale njalo noma bube nezikhawu futhi bungaba bubi nakakhulu ngokunyakaza noma ukuma okuthile.
  • Ukuqina komlomo wesibeletho: Ukuqina kwentamo kungenye isikhalazo esivamile phakathi kwabantu abanokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho. Kungase kube nomuzwa wokuqina noma ukuvinjelwa emisipha yentamo, okwenza kube nzima ukuhambisa ikhanda nentamo yakho ngokukhululekile.
  • Ukuphathwa ikhanda Abantu abaningi abanokuqondisa komlomo wesibeletho babhekana nekhanda elibuhlungu, elingahluka ngokuqina kanye nemvamisa. Lezi zinhlungu zekhanda zivame ukuzwakala ngemuva kwekhanda noma phansi kogebhezi futhi zingase zihlotshaniswe nokucindezeleka kwemisipha entanyeni.
  • Isiyezi: Abanye abantu bangase babe nemizwa yesiyezi noma i-vertigo, ikakhulukazi lapho uhambisa intamo noma ushintsha izikhundla. Lokhu kungase kube umphumela wokucindezelwa kwezinzwa zomlomo wesibeletho noma ukungalingani emisipha yentamo nasemahlombe.
  • Ukuba ndikindiki nokuluma: Ukucindezelwa kwezinzwa zomlomo wesibeletho ngenxa yokuqondisa komlomo wesibeletho kungabangela imizwa yokuba ndikindiki, ukugubha, noma ubuthakathaka ezingalweni, izandla, noma iminwe. Lezi izimpawu ezivame ukugqama ohlangothini olulodwa lomzimba futhi zingaba zimbi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi uma zingelashwa ngendlela efanele.
  • Ubunzima bokuhambisa intamo: Ukulahlekelwa ukuguquguquka nokuvinjelwa ukunyakaza kwentamo kuyizimpawu zesici zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho. Ngokuvamile, abantu bahlangabezana nobunzima emisebenzini yansuku zonke njengokuphendula ikhanda, ukubheka phezulu noma phansi, noma ukunyakaza kwentamo ehlangothini.

Ukwelashwa kokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho

Ukwelashwa kokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho kusekelwe ezicini eziningana, okuhlanganisa ubunzima besimo, izimpawu ezikhona, kanye nempendulo yomuntu ngamunye yesiguli. Kuvame ukuthathwa indlela yemikhakha eminingi engase ihlanganise izinyathelo zokulondoloza futhi, ezimeni ezinzima kakhulu, ukungenelela kwezokwelapha noma ukuhlinzwa.

I-Physiotherapy ibalulekile ekwelapheni ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho. Abelaphi bomzimba bangaklama izinhlelo ezithile zokuzivocavoca ukuze baqinise imisipha yentamo, bathuthukise ukuguquguquka, kanye nokuma okulungile. Ukwengeza, basebenzisa amasu okwelapha okwenziwa ngesandla, njengokubhucunga umzimba, ukuhlanganisa ngokuhlanganyela, kanye nokudonsa komlomo wesibeletho, ukuze dambisa izinhlungu futhi uthuthukise ukuhamba kwentamo.

Kukhona izivivinyo ezithile okuhloswe ngazo ukwelula imisipha yentamo namahlombe, kanye qinisa imisipha eyinhloko nengemuva, ingasiza ukubuyisela ukugoba okuvamile komgogodla womlomo wesibeletho futhi kuthuthukise ukuzinza nokusebenza kwentamo.

Ukuvimbela lesi simo, Kutuswa ukuba ube nokuma ngendlela efanele phakathi nemisebenzi yansuku zonke, njengokuhlala phambi kwekhompyutha noma ukushayela.. Ngale ndlela, singakwazi ukunciphisa ukungezwani entanyeni futhi sivimbele ukushuba kwezimpawu zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho. Ukulungiswa kwe-ergonomic, njengokusebenzisa izihlalo ezinokusekelwa kwe-lumbar kanye nokuqapha okufanele kanye nokuhlelwa kwekhibhodi, kungase futhi kube nenzuzo.

Kwezinye izimo, imithi ingase ibekwe ukuze kudambise ubuhlungu nokuvuvukala okuhambisana nokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho. Izidambisi zobuhlungu ezitholakala ngaphandle kwekhawunta, njenge-acetaminophen noma i-nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, ziwusizo ekulawuleni ubuhlungu obuncane nobumaphakathi. Ezimweni zobuhlungu obukhulu kakhulu, imithi enamandla ingase inqunywe, njenge iziphumuli zemisipha noma ama-opioid, nakuba zisetshenziswa ngokuqapha ngenxa yengozi yemiphumela emibi nokuncika.

Kuphela ezimweni ezimbi kakhulu lapho imijovo ye-corticosteroid ingafakwa ngqo emgogodleni womlomo wesibeletho ukuze kuncishiswe ukuvuvukala nokukhulula ubuhlungu obuhambisana nokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho. Ziyimijovo eyenziwa ngaphansi kokuqondisa kwe-radiographic futhi inganikeza ukukhululeka kwesikhashana.

Ngethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nokulungiswa komlomo wesibeletho kanye nokwelashwa kwawo.