Umahluko phakathi kweprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics

iiprobiotics

Uluntu lwee-microorganisms ezihlala emathunjini ethu, okanye i-microbiota, ibizwa ngokuba "yi-genome yesibini." Ezi microorganisms ze-symbiotic zenza imisebenzi emininzi ebalulekileyo kubomi bomntu: zenza iivithamini, zidibanise iikhompawundi ezivela kwisityalo, ziqeqeshe amajoni omzimba kwaye zilwe nosulelo, phakathi kwabanye. Ngaphandle kwezityalo zethu zamathumbu okanye i-microbiome, ubomi njengoko sibazi namhlanje abunakwenzeka. Iiprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics ziya zitsala umdla woluntu ngokubanzi ngenxa yeempawu zabo ezahlukeneyo ekugcineni i-microbiota enempilo. Ngapha koko, nangona zivakala zifana kwaye zahluke ngonobumba omnye kuphela, ezi ngqikelelo zimbini zahlukile kwaye nendlela ezisebenza ngayo ziyahluka.

Kweli nqaku siza kukucacisela ukuba yintoni na umahluko phakathi kweprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics.

Umahluko phakathi kweprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics

umahluko phakathi kweprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics

Iiprobiotics ziyi-microorganisms, i-prebiotics kukutya

Ngokutsho kweengcali ezidumileyo, i-probiotics yi-microorganisms ephilayo, elawulwa ngobuninzi obaneleyo, inefuthe elihle kwimpilo yabantu. Indawo ephambili yesenzo seprobiotics yinkqubo yokugaya, apho injongo yabo kukugcina okanye ukubuyisela imeko efanelekileyo ye-microbiota.. Iiprobiotics zinamandla okukhusela inkqubo yamathumbu, ukuphucula ukugaya kunye nokwandisa ukusebenza kwamathumbu emathunjini, phakathi kwezinye ezininzi izibonelelo. Ngelixa i-lactobacilli kunye ne-bifidobacteria zibonwa ngokubanzi njenge-probiotic microorganisms, kukho nezinye ezininzi.

Kubalulekile ukugxininisa ukuba iiprobiotics zizidalwa eziphilayo. Ngelixa ukutya okuthile kuqulethe iiprobiotics zendalo, kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba ukutya ngokwako akuyiyo iprobiotic. Nangona eli gama lisetyenziswa rhoqo ukubhekisa kwizongezo kunye nezithako, oku kusetyenziswa akuchanekanga.

Ngokwahlukileyo, i-prebiotics ibhekisela kwiintsinga zezityalo ezithile ezisebenza "njengezichumisi" kwaye zikhuthaza ukwanda kweebhaktheriya eziluncedo zamathumbu. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba i-prebiotics zizithako, kungekhona izinto eziphilayo. Ezi zinto zifumaneka ngokwemvelo kwiziqhamo ezininzi kunye nemifuno, kodwa zinokufumaneka ngokusebenzisa izongezo.

Kubalulekile ukugxininisa ukuba iiprobiotics zibandakanya ii-microorganisms eziphilayo, ngaphandle kwamacandelo abo kunye ne-metabolic byproducts. Umzekelo, amacandelo eludongeni lweeseli kunye neevithamini ezidityaniswe ziibhaktheriya, ezikhutshelwa kokusingqongileyo emva kokufa kwazo okanye ngexesha leenkqubo zazo ezibalulekileyo, Abaweli kudidi lweprobiotics. Endaweni yoko, igama elaziwa kancinci, elithi "postbiotic," lisetyenziselwa ukuchaza ezi meko.

Benza ngokwahlukileyo

I-intestinal microbial community ichaphazeleka ngokuthe ngqo kwiprobiotics, enekhono lokuchaphazela ukuzinza kunye nokubunjwa kwayo. Ezi microorganisms eziphilayo zihlala kwiindawo ezingenabantu, zibolisa imicu yezityalo, zilwa ne-microorganisms ezinobungozi ngokusebenzisa ii-bactericides kunye nokhuphiswano lwe-ecological, kwaye zibonelela ngezinye izibonelelo. Ekungeneni kwi-digestive tract, Bahlala kwindawo emiselweyo kwaye bayaphumelela, ekugqibeleni bazuza impilo-ntle yethu iyonke.

Ngokuchasene noko, i-prebiotics yi-substrates yokutya ekhuthaza ukwanda kweebhaktheriya ezincedo emathunjini. Impembelelo yabo, nangona iseluncedo kakhulu, ayithanga ngqo ngakumbi xa ithelekiswa neprobiotics. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba lo mahluko awuthethi ukongama komnye kunomnye kodwa ugxininisa omnye umahluko osisiseko phakathi kweeprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics.

Zineemfuno ezahlukeneyo

probiotics kunye prebiotics

Ukuze i-microorganism ihlelwe njengeprobiotic, kufuneka ihlangabezane neendlela ezithile:

  • Kwinqanaba lezenzululwazi, ihlelwa ngokuchanekileyo ngokwe-genus, iintlobo kunye noxinzelelo. Ngaphaya koko, ayinazo naziphi na izinto ezinokubangela ingozi kwimpilo yabantu.
  • Le mveliso iye yavavanywa ngokungqongqo kwezesayensi, kwindawo elawulwa yilabhoratri kunye nezifundo zabantu. Kuye kwaboniswa ukumelana nokupakishwa kunye neemeko zokusetyenziswa ngaphandle kwemiphumo emibi.
  • Ubuninzi bayo banele ukuvelisa impembelelo efanelekileyo kwindwendwe. Iyakwazi ukuchasana neemeko zenkqubo yokugaya kwaye ingaba yinxalenye ye-microbiota, kwangexeshana.

Kwelinye icala, kukho iindlela ezithile ekufuneka kuhlangatyezwane nazo ukuze into ihlelwe njenge-prebiotic:

  • Thina bantu asikwazi ukuyetyisa, oku kuthetha ukuba ihamba ngesisu kwaye ifike ethunjini elikhulu, apho uninzi lwe-intestinal microbiota luhlala khona.
  • Iimicroorganisms ezihlala emzimbeni womntu ziyakwazi ukuwubilisa.
  • Ukukhuthazwa okukhethiweyo kweebhaktheriya "ezilungileyo" kubonwa, okukhokelela ekunyuseni komsebenzi kunye nokukhula.

Xa kuziwa kwiprobiotics, kubalulekile ukugxininisa amandla e-microorganism ukuba yinxalenye ye-microbiota yomntu, ngakumbi kwixesha elimiselweyo. Okuphikisanayo, Uphawu oluphambili lwe-prebiotics ngumsebenzi wabo njengomthombo wesondlo sebhaktheriya enenzuzo emzimbeni. Imizekelo isebenza ukubonisa umahluko phakathi kweprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics.

Imizekelo yeeprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics

Kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuba iiprobiotics zenziwe ngee-microorganisms eziphilayo. Ngoko ke, xa sinika imizekelo, sibhekisela ngokukodwa kwiindidi ezahlukeneyo zebhaktheriya kunye negwele, sigxininise kwigenera kunye neentlobo zazo.

  • Lactobacillus
  • Bifidobacterium
  • IiSaccharomyces
  • I-Streptococcus
  • I-Streptococcus
  • Escherichia

Ngokuchasene noko, i-prebiotics zizinto ezifumaneka ekutyeni. Eminye imizekelo efanele ukuqwalaselwa iquka:

  • IiFructans
  • Galactooligosaccharides
  • I-Oligosaccharides evela kwi-glucose kunye nesitashi
  • Ezinye oligosaccharides

Ukutya okutyebileyo kwiiprobiotics kubangelwa ubukhulu becala ukubila, kuquka ikefir, iyogathi, iitshizi ezithile, isonka, ikimchi, nekombucha. Ngokuchasene noko, ukutya kwe-prebiotic, okutyebileyo kwifiber, ubukhulu becala kuphuma kwisityalo. Imizekelo ephawulekayo iquka imifuno enamagqabi aluhlaza, iziqhamo ezahlukahlukeneyo, iinkozo, iimbotyi, kunye namandongomane.

Kukho inqanaba elithile lomngcipheko ohambelana nokusetyenziswa kweprobiotics

Iintyatyambo zamathumbu

Iingozi ezinokubakho ezinxulumene neprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics kufuneka ziqwalaselwe njengomahluko wokugqibela phakathi kwezi zimbini. Ngelixa abantu abaninzi banokuzisebenzisa ngokukhuselekileyo, kukho iimeko ezithile apho kungacebisekanga. Ngoko ke, Sicebisa ngamandla ukuba ufune isikhokelo sobuchwephesha bezempilo ngaphambi kokuba ubabandakanye nayiphi na kuzo kwindlela yakho.

Ngokutsho kophando lwezenzululwazi, iiprobiotics ezithile zinamandla okuphindaphinda ngokugqithiseleyo okanye ukuhlasela igazi, okukhokelela kwiimpendulo ezibi kakhulu phakathi kwabantu abasele bekwimeko ebuthathaka phambi kokuba unyango. Isilumkiso sibalulekile, ngakumbi xa kufikwa kwizigulana ezinoGawulayo, izigulo ezinganyangekiyo, umhlaza, iimeko zesisu esele zikho ngaphambili kunye nabasetyhini abakhulelweyo, kunye namanye amaqela athile abantu. Kwimeko, Ukuba kukho nayiphi na into ebonisa ukunyanzeliswa kwe-immunosuppression, kuyacetyiswa ukuba uyeke ukusebenzisa iiprobiotics.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokwahlukana phakathi kweprobiotics kunye ne-prebiotics.