Yintoni ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko kunye nendlela yokunciphisa intlungu yentamo

Intamo

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba yintoni ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko, izizathu zayo, unyango kunye nokuthintela.

Yintoni ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko

intlungu yokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko

Ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko yimeko yonyango echaphazela i-curvature yendalo yomqolo kwingingqi yentamo, eyaziwa ngokuba ngumqolo wesibeleko. Ngokuqhelekileyo, umqolo womlomo wesibeleko une-curvature ehamba phambili, eyaziwa ngokuba yi-cervical lordosis. Nangona kunjalo, kwiimeko zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko, Le ngqungquthela iyancitshiswa okanye iguqulwe, oku kuthetha ukuba umqolo wesibeleko ubonakala uqondile kunesiqhelo.

Le meko inokuba ngumphumo wezinto ezininzi, ezifana nokungahambi kakuhle, ukulimala okubuhlungu, ukunyanzeliswa kwemisipha engapheliyo, okanye izifo eziphazamisayo zomqolo, ezifana ne-arthritis yomlomo wesibeleko. Abantu abachitha ixesha elide bekwindawo engafanelekanga, njengokuhlala phambi kwekhompyuter iiyure ezininzi ngosuku, Basenokuba sengozini enkulu yokuphuhlisa ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko.

Ukuxilongwa ngokuqhelekileyo kwenziwa ngovavanyo lweklinikhi ngugqirha, onokuyalela iimvavanyo ze-imaging ezifana ne-X-rays, i-MRIs, okanye i-CT scans ukuqinisekisa ukuxilongwa kunye nokuvavanya ubunzima bemeko.

Izizathu

ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko

Izizathu zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko zingahluka kwaye zihlala zihambelana nezinto ezichaphazela isakhiwo kunye nomsebenzi womqolo kwingingqi yentamo. Ezinye zezinto eziqhelekileyo ezinokuthi zibe negalelo ekululekeni komlomo wesibeleko ziquka:

  • Ukuma okungalunganga: Ukugcina ukungahambi kakuhle kwexesha elide, njengokuzingela phezu kwedesksi okanye ukuhoya intloko yakho phambili ngelixa ujonge ifowuni okanye ikhomputha, kunokubeka uxinzelelo olongezelelweyo kumqolo wesibeleko kunye negalelo ekulahlekeni kwe-curvature eqhelekileyo.
  • Ukwenzakala okubuhlungu: Iingozi zemoto, ukuwa, okanye iimpembelelo ezithe ngqo entanyeni zingabangela ukulimala komgogodla ochaphazela i-curvature yomlomo wesibeleko. Ezi nzakala zingonakalisa izicubu ezithambileyo, ezifana nezihlunu, iigaments, okanye i-intervertebral discs, ezinokubangela utshintsho kwi-spinal alignment.
  • Ukuqina okungapheliyo kwezihlunu: Ukunyanzeliswa kwemisipha eqhubekayo entanyeni nasemagxeni, okubangelwa uxinzelelo, i-ergonomics embi, okanye ukungabikho komsebenzi womzimba, kunokukhokelela ekungalingani kwemisipha echaphazela isikhundla kunye nokugoba komqolo wesibeleko.
  • Izifo eziwohlokayo: Iimeko ezifana ne-arthritis yomlomo wesibeleko, i-spondylosis yomlomo wesibeleko, okanye isifo se-disc degenerative sinokubangela utshintsho oluphazamisayo kumqolo, njengokubunjwa kwe-osteophytes (ukukhula kwamathambo), ukulahleka kwe-intervertebral disc ukuphakama, okanye ukuchithwa kwezicubu ezidibeneyo, ezinokuthi zibe negalelo kumlomo wesibeleko. ukulungiswa.
  • Imiba yemfuzo: Abanye abantu banokuba ne-genetic predisposition yokuphuhlisa iingxaki zomgogodla, kubandakanywa ukulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko, ngenxa yeempawu zezakhiwo ezizuzwe njengelifa ezichaphazela ifom kunye nomsebenzi womlomo wesibeleko.

Iimpawu zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko

intlungu yomlomo wesibeleko

Iimpawu ezinxulumene nokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko zinokuhluka ngobunzima kwaye zinokuchaphazela umgangatho wobomi babo babandezelekayo. Ezinye zeempawu eziqhelekileyo zezi:

  • Iintlungu zentamo: Intlungu yomlomo wesibeleko yenye yezona mpawu zixhaphakileyo kwaye inokuvela kwintlungu encinci ukuya kwiintlungu ezinzulu kunye neziqhubekayo. Yintlungu enokuthi ihlale ihleli okanye iphazamiseke kwaye inokuba mandundu xa kukho iintshukumo okanye iindlela zokuma.
  • Ukuqina koMlomo wesibeleko: Ukuqina kwentamo sesinye isikhalazo esiqhelekileyo phakathi kwabantu abanokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko. Isenokuziva ngathi imvakalelo yokuxinana okanye isithintelo kwimisipha yentamo, okwenza kube nzima ukuhambisa intloko nentamo yakho ngokukhululekileyo.
  • Intloko: Abantu abaninzi abanokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko banamava entloko, enokuthi ihluke ngamandla kunye nokuphindaphinda. Ezi ntloko zivame ukuvakala ngasemva kwentloko okanye kwisiseko sokakayi kwaye zinokudityaniswa noxinzelelo lwemisipha entanyeni.
  • Isiyezi: Abanye abantu banokufumana iimvakalelo zesiyezi okanye i-vertigo, ngakumbi xa uhambisa intamo okanye utshintsha izikhundla. Oku kunokuba ngumphumo wokunyanzeliswa kwemithambo yomlomo wesibeleko okanye ukungalingani kwimisipha yentamo kunye namagxa.
  • Ubundisholo kunye nokuntlitheka: Ukunyanzeliswa kwemithambo yomlomo wesibeleko ngenxa yokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko kunokubangela ukuvakalelwa, ukubetha, okanye ubuthathaka kwiingalo, izandla okanye iminwe. Ezi ziimpawu ezidla ngokubonakala ngakumbi kwelinye icala lomzimba kwaye zinokuba mandundu ekuhambeni kwexesha ukuba aziphathwanga kakuhle.
  • Ubunzima bokuhambisa intamo: Ukulahleka kokuguquguquka kunye nokukhawulelana nokunyakaza kwentamo yimpawu zempawu zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko. Ngokuqhelekileyo, abantu bafumana ubunzima kwimisebenzi yemihla ngemihla njengokuguqula intloko, ukujonga phezulu okanye phantsi, okanye ukwenza iintshukumo zentamo esecaleni.

Unyango lokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko

Unyango lokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko lusekelwe kwizinto ezininzi, kubandakanywa ubunzima bemeko, iimpawu ezikhoyo, kunye nempendulo yesigulane. Indlela yokufundisa ngezinto ezininzi ikholisa ukuthathwa enokubandakanya amanyathelo olondolozo kwaye, kwiimeko ezinzima kakhulu, ungenelelo lwezonyango okanye lotyando.

I-Physiotherapy ibalulekile kunyango lokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko. Iingcali zonyango zinokwenza iinkqubo ezithile zokuzilolonga ukuqinisa imisipha yentamo, ukuphucula ukuguquguquka, kunye nokulungisa ukuma. Ukongeza, basebenzisa iindlela zonyango zonyango, ezinje nge-massage, ukuhlanganiswa ngokudibeneyo, kunye nokutsalwa komlomo wesibeleko, yenza lula iintlungu kunye nokuphucula ukuhamba kwentamo.

Kukho imithambo ethile ejolise kuyo ukolula imisipha yentamo kunye namagxa, ngokunjalo yomeleza i-core and back muscles, inokunceda ukubuyisela i-curvature eqhelekileyo yomqolo wesibeleko kunye nokuphucula ukuzinza kunye nomsebenzi wentamo.

Ukuthintela le meko, Kucetyiswa ukuba uthabathe i-posture efanelekileyo ngexesha lemisebenzi yemihla ngemihla, njengokuhlala phambi kwekhompyutheni okanye ukuqhuba.. Ngale ndlela, sinokunciphisa uxinzelelo entanyeni kwaye sithintele ukunyanzeliswa kweempawu zokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko. Uhlengahlengiso lwe-ergonomic, njengokusebenzisa izitulo ezinenkxaso ye-lumbar kunye ne-monitor efanelekileyo kunye ne-keyboard layout, kunokuba luncedo.

Kwezinye iimeko, amayeza angamiselwa ukukhulula intlungu kunye nokuvuvukala okuhambelana nokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko. Iintlungu ezingaphaya kwekhawuntara, ezifana ne-acetaminophen okanye i-nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, ziluncedo ekulawuleni iintlungu ezingephi kunye neziphakathi. Kwiimeko zentlungu enzima kakhulu, amayeza anamandla angamiselwa, njengaye iziphumlisi zemisipha okanye i-opioids, nangona zisetyenziswa ngononophelo ngenxa yengozi yeziphumo ebezingalindelekanga kunye nokuxhomekeka.

Kuphela kwiimeko ezinzima kakhulu ii-injection ze-corticosteroid zinokulawulwa ngokuthe ngqo kumqolo wesibeleko ukunciphisa ukuvuvukala kunye nokunciphisa intlungu ehambelana nokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko. Zizitofu ezenziwa phantsi kwesikhokelo se-radiographic kwaye zinokubonelela ngokukhululeka kwexesha elifutshane.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokulungiswa komlomo wesibeleko kunye nonyango lwayo.