Ngaba uyazi ukuba yintoni i-cyst Tarlov?

Ukulimala komqolo okunye kunokuvakala kuqhelekile kuthi, ngakumbi kumqolo osezantsi, kodwa i-cyst yeTarlov iya phambili. Yimeko ngokuqhelekileyo ayinayo impawu ezithile kwaye ididekile nabanye njengentlungu ephantsi. Yonke into ibhidekile kangangokuba sicebise ukunika impendulo kwaye sifunde ukufumanisa ukuba sinale cyst okanye intlungu yethu ivela kwenye into.

I-cyst yeTarlov kulula kakhulu ukuyibona kwaye idla ngokufumaneka ngethuba xa isigulane siza kuba ne-X-reyi okanye i-MRI yomqolo, ngakumbi umqolo ophantsi. Le cyst ifumaneka kufuphi ne-coccyx kwaye ihambelana nenye yezizathu zentlungu ephantsi, nangona yinto engazange iqinisekiswe yi-100% namhlanje.

I-cyst yeTarlov ihlala iyimfihlakalo encinci kumayeza anamhlanje, nangona izinto ezininzi ziyaziwa malunga nayo, njengokuba yintoni na, indlela eyakhiwe ngayo, ezinye izizathu ezinokwenzeka zokubonakala kwayo kunye neempawu eziqhelekileyo, nangona uninzi lwezigulane zingabonakali.

Yintoni kwaye yenziwa njani icyst yeTarlov?

Ngamafutshane, zizininzi ezizaliswe yi-cerebrospinal fluid ephuhliswa kwi-meninges yomqolo. Kwabo bangaziyo, i-meninges ngamaleko angaphakathi abizwa ngokuba yi-pia mater kunye ne-arachnoid mater enceda ukukhusela imithambo yomqolo yomqolo. Eyona ndawo ixhaphakileyo apho ezi cysts zivela khona yi-lumbar okanye indawo ye-sacral, nangona kunokwenzeka ukuba ziphinde zivele kwi-thoracolumbar kunye ne-coccygeal spine.

Ezi ntlobo zamaqhuma zaziwa njenge-perineural, i-periradicular okanye i-arachnoid cysts kwaye le yayiyiyo. yafunyanwa ngo-1938 ngugqirha uTarlov, kungoko igama. Ezi ntlobo ze-cysts zintsonkothile, kunzima ukunyanga kwaye zibeka umngcipheko othile kwimpilo yesigulana kuba imithambo yomqolo iyinxalenye ye-cyst ngokwayo, ke ngoko, xa kusenziwa utyando, kunokwaphuka imithambo-luvo enye okanye ezininzi, nto leyo ebangela ukwenzakala kakhulu umonde.

Ezi cysts zinokwenzeka kakhulu kubasetyhini kunamadoda kwaye kukho unyango oluhlukeneyo lokubenza banyamalale, kubandakanywa nokubaluleka kokutya okunempilo, okuya kuba kukutya kwe-alkaline. Iqulethe ukutya okwandisa i-pH yomzimba njengoko olu hlobo lokutya lusekelwe kwinkolelo yokuba izifo ezininzi zikhula ngenxa yokuba ne-pH ephantsi.

Yintoni unobangela?

Le cyst inezizathu ezininzi, kodwa akukho namnye onobudlelwane obuqinisekisiweyo be-100%, ngoko sithetha ngeengcamango. Kwelinye icala, kuthiwa imvelaphi yayo inokuba kukwenzakala kule ndawo kuba sisingxobo esine-cerebrospinal fluid engenandawo yokuphuma, yindawo yokungena kuphela. Esinye isizathu esithathelwa ingqalelo kukusetyenziswa kwe-anesthesia kwindawo ye-epidural.

Kukho kwakhona umba we ukungaqhelekanga kokuzalwa. Le ngcamango igxininise ngokuthe ngqo kuhlobo oluthile lokungahambi kakuhle ekubunjweni kweembrane ezijikeleze ingqondo eyaziwa ngokuba yi-meninges. Ezinye izizathu ziquka ukopha kwe-subarachnoid.

Njengoko sibona akukho zizathu zicacileyo. Oko iingcali zibonakala zivumelana ngayo kukuba ukubonakala kwezi cysts kungenxa yokwanda koxinzelelo lwendawo ye-cerebrospinal fluid kunye ne-anomalous valvular phenomenon evumela ukuba le ngqungquthela ingene kwi-cyst, kodwa ayikwazi ukuphuma.

Umfazi onentlungu ephantsi

Ngaba i-cyst yeTarlov ineempawu?

Sesiyiqhubele phambili kwimihlathi embalwa apha ngasentla kwaye oko kukuthi i-cyst yeTarlov asymptomatic, ngoko ke ayibonisi iimpawu ezithile kunye neziphawulekayo ezisenza sikrokre ukuba sine-cyst kwindawo yethu ye-sacral. Uninzi lwamaxesha ezi cysts azibonakali kwaye zibhaqwe ngebhaqo luvavanyo lweradiyoloji oluthi ngamanye amaxesha lungajongi kwanto ngasemva.

Sithi "uninzi", kuba kukho iimeko apho kukho iimpawu ezithile apho intlungu ibonakala ngaphezu kwayo yonke into. Masikhumbule ukuba ngaphakathi kwala ma-cysts kukho iingalo ze-nerve kwaye njengoko ubukhulu be-cyst bukhula (akukho bonke bakhula) uxinzelelo luyanda kwaye iimbilini ziqala ukuchaphazeleka ngemiphumo efana nentlungu. Kwezinye iimeko iintlungu ziyanyamezeleka kwaye zilungiswa ngamayeza kwaye kwezinye iimeko iintlungu ziqatha kangangokuba kufuneka kuthathwe amanyathelo aqatha.

Xa eso sibonakaliso sibonakala, sineentlungu ezisezantsi, yingakho i-cyst yeTarlov ngamanye amaxesha ikholelwa ukuba yimbangela yentlungu ephantsi kwaye ingabonakaliswa kuphela nge-MRI. Ukusuka apho uqala ugqatso lokufumana isisombululo, ukuthomalalisa iintlungu kwaye ukwazi ukuphila ubomi obuqhelekileyo.

Uxilongo kunye nonyango

Sele sikhulule i-spoiler ngaphandle kokuqaphela kwaye oko kukuba ukuxilongwa kwenziwa ngokusebenzisa iiplate ze-radiological kunye ne-resonances magnetic, nangona kukho kwakhona i-CT scans. Iya kuba ngugqirha owenza isigqibo sokuba zeziphi iimvavanyo zokuvavanya i-cyst kwaye ucebise unyango olusebenzayo ngakumbi okanye olungaphantsi.

Ingxaki yokwenyani ngolu hlobo lwe-cyst kukuba luyanda ngobukhulu, kodwa kunqabile ukuba i-cyst itshintshe ngobukhulu, ngoko ke sinokuzola kwaye senze iitshekhi ezithile ukuze sibone ukuba isekhona kwaye yonke into ilungile. ".

Unyango lwangoku luhlala lusekelwe kwiimpawu zesigulane, oko kukuthi, ukuba alubuhlungu kwaye alutshintshi ubungakanani, lujongwa rhoqo kwiinyanga ezi-6 okanye ngonyaka. Nangona kunjalo, xa iqala ukubangela intlungu kunye noshintsho kwisayizi, kufuneka wenze.

Olunye unyango oluqhelekileyo luyi-physiotherapy, iziyobisi ezichasayo okanye i-analgesics, kodwa kufika kwindawo apho intlungu ingenakunyamezeleka kwaye kufuneka usebenze ngamandla kwaye yilapho ithuba lokusebenza lityalwe etafileni.

Olona sebenzi luqhelekileyo kunye nolona mngcipheko luncinci lukhetho lwe Khupha i-cyst kwaye uyitywine ukuze ingagcwali ngolwelo. Ukususwa kwe-cyst yeTarlov kunzima kakhulu kwaye kuyingozi, ngoko akusiyo inketho ekhuthazwayo kakhulu.


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