I-Aikido, ubugcisa bokulwa obulungelelanisa umzimba nengqondo

aikido

Idalwe nguMorihei Ueshiba phakathi kwenkulungwane yama-20, i aikido Bubugcisa bokulwa kunye nomdlalo osuka eJapan. Isiseko sayo silele kwimigaqo yefilosofi ejolise kulawulo lwamandla, ukukhangela imvisiswano ngokuchasana kunye nokulawula umchasi.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi iimpawu, imbali kunye nemvelaphi ye-Aikido.

Imbali kunye nemvelaphi ye-Aikido

ubugcisa beaikido

Iyilwe yinkosi ebekekileyo yaseJapan uMorihei Ueshiba, i-Aikido ludibaniso olulodwa lwenkcubeko yaseJapan yobugcisa bokulwa. Isiseko sayo silele kumbono wokuthatha ithuba lamandla omchasi kwaye uwabuyisele ngakuye, uwaguqule abe yindlela yokulwa enqanda zombini izixhobo kunye nokujongana ngqo nomzimba.

Ifilosofi yokungabikho kobundlobongela, eyenza isiseko se-Aikido, yadalwa ngu-Master Ueshiba ngokudibanisa imigaqo kaBuddha, ifilosofi yeZen kunye neemfundiso zomoya zezithethe ezahlukeneyo zaseMpuma.

"Indlela yokuhambelana namandla asemhlabeni wonke" yinguqulelo yegama lesiJapan elithi Aikido. I-Aikido ijolise ekunciphiseni umdlali ochasayo esebenzisa ubuchule obuthandekayo kunye nolwelo, kunokuxhomekeka kumandla amsulwa.

Ubugcisa be-Aikido, owenziwe nguMorihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), owaziwa ngokuba ngu-O-Sensei, wavela ngekhulu lama-XNUMX. Kwinqanaba lokuqala lomsebenzi wakhe wokulwa, u-O-Sensei wazintywilisela kwiimfundiso zezithethe zaseJapan ezifana neJiu-Jitsu kunye neKendo. Nangona kunjalo, uye wagxila kwiinkalo zefilosofi, inkolo kunye nesayensi yendalo. Njengoko uqeqesho lwakhe lwaluqhubela phambili, U-O-Sensei waqalisa indlela yokwenza inoveli indlela yokulwa kunye nokuzikhusela igxininise kwimigaqo yemvisiswano nentsebenziswano, endaweni yobundlobongela nokusukuzana.

Isiseko se-Aikido

aikido

Isiseko se-Aikido silele kwimigaqo egxininisa ukusetyenziswa kwamandla ngokufanelekileyo, ukukhuthaza intsebenziswano kunye nokuvisisana nabachasi kunye nesisombululo seengxabano ngendlela engenabundlobongela. I-Aikido ikhuliswa kwimeko yentsebenziswano kunye nokuhloniphana, kugxininise kakhulu ukukhula komntu ngamnye okubandakanya imiba yomzimba kunye nengqondo.

I-Aikido, esetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwihlabathi jikelele kwaye inabalandeli abaninzi, itsala abantu abaninzi abanomdla kunye neengcali. Kucingwa ukuba luhlobo lokucamngca olushukumisayo, i-Aikido isebenza njengendlela yokukhula komntu kwaye inikezela ngezicwangciso zokusombulula iingxabano ezingenalo ubundlobongela.

Iingenelo zokuwuqhelisela

ubuchwepheshe bokulwa

I-Aikido, ubugcisa bokulwa obuvela eJapan, ibeka phambili imigaqo yokuvisisana, intshukumo yamanzi kunye nokusombulula impixano ngoxolo. I-Aikido ibonelela ngeenzuzo ezininzi, njenge:

  • Inempembelelo entle kwimpilo-ntle ngokwasemoyeni nasengqondweni: Ngokuthatha inxaxheba rhoqo kobu bugcisa bokulwa, abantu banokufumana ukuhla kumanqanaba oxinzelelo, ukonyuka koxinzelelo, kunye nemvakalelo yokuzola kunye nokuvisisana ngaphakathi kwabo.
  • Yakha imidibaniso: igxininisa ukubaluleka kwentlonipho nentsebenziswano noogxa babo. Ngokukhuthaza indawo yokuthembela kunye nentsebenziswano, i-Aikido ivumela ukusekwa kobudlelwane obuhlala buhlala kunye noncedo.
  • Yenza i ukuphuculwa kweempawu zomzimba ezifana nokuguquguquka, ukulungelelanisa, ukulinganisela kunye nokunyamezela: Ngokusebenzisa ukunyakaza kweesetyhula kunye nobuchule, izihlunu zomelezwa kwaye i-posture jikelele yomzimba iphuculwe.
  • Ubonelela ngolwazi oluxabisekileyo lokuzikhusela kunye nokukwazi ukuchasa uhlaselo ngaphandle kokwenza umonakalo omkhulu kumhlaseli: kunokuba udibane nentloko, ugxininisa ubugcisa bokuqondisa kwakhona amandla omchasi.
  • Ikhuthaza ukukhula kokuzola kwengqondo, ukuzeyisa kunye nengqalelo egxile: Abathathi-nxaxheba bafumana amandla okulawula ngokufanelekileyo uxinzelelo kunye nokulawula iimvakalelo zabo kwiimeko ezinzima.

Embindini we-Aikido ngumgaqo-siseko wokuvisisana nokungangqubani, osebenza njengesiseko sokusombulula iingxabano ngoxolo. Umkhuba we-Aikido ugxile ekufuneni izisombululo zoxolo kunye nokusombulula iingxabano ngokufanelekileyo ngaphandle kokubhenela kubundlobongela. Ifilosofi esisiseko ye-Aikido iquka imigaqo yentlonipho, ukuthobeka, imbeko kunye nentsebenziswano. Le migaqo ayikhawulelwanga kwimida ye-tatami, kodwa yandisa kuzo zonke iinkalo zobomi bemihla ngemihla. Umsebenzi we-Aikido uhlala ukhuthaza unxibelelwano olunzulu phakathi kwabathathi-nxaxheba. Amaqabane oqeqesho ahlala enza amaqhina aqinileyo, kwaye uluntu lwe-dojo lubonelela ngenethiwekhi yenkxaso apho ubuhlobo kunye nemvakalelo yokuba ngowabanye ikhula kakuhle.

Yeyiphi imigaqo esisiseko eyila i-Aikido?

Isenzo se-Aikido sikhokelwa yiseti yemigaqo esisiseko eyenza isiseko sobu bugcisa bokulwa. Le migaqo, isekelwe ngokunzulu kwifilosofi kunye nobuchule be-Aikido, ibalulekile ekuqondeni okubanzi kunye nokusetyenziswa okusebenzayo kolu qeqesho. Eminye yemigaqo ephambili ye-Aikido ibandakanya:

  • Umgaqo weAyi: igxininisa ekufuneni imvisiswano kwiinkalo ezahlukahlukeneyo zobomi. Oku kuquka ukuzuza imvisiswano yangaphakathi, ukukhuthaza unxibelelwano oluhle nabanye, nokukhuthaza imvisiswano nemekobume. Kuqheliselo lweAikido, abantu ngabanye bazabalazela ukuzola nokuzinza kwengqondo, okubavumela ukuba bafune izicombululo zoxolo kwiingxabano kunokuba babandakanyeke kwiingxabano.
  • Umbono weKi: Eyaziwa nangokuthi amandla okanye umoya, inentsingiselo enkulu kwi-Aikido. Ibandakanya amandla obomi abalulekileyo amagosa azabalazela ukuwahlakulisa, ukuwabophelela kunye nomjelo. Ngokuziqhelanisa ne-Aikido, abantu ngabanye bafunda ukuqonda ubugcisa bokulawula la mandla angaphakathi, kunye nokusebenzisana kwabo nomchasi wabo, besebenzisa iintshukumo ezintle kunye nezamanzi ezilandela iipatheni ezijikelezayo.
  • Ingqikelelo yokwenza: Yeyamendo okanye uhambo lokuziqhelanisa. I-Aikido ibandakanya okungaphezulu nje kwengqokelela yeendlela zomzimba; isebenza njengendlela yokukhula komntu kunye nokuqhubela phambili okuqhubekayo. Abo baqhelisela i-Aikido bazabalazela ukuphucula kungekuphela nje izakhono zabo zomzimba kodwa kwanendlela ababujonga ngayo ubomi.
  • U-Mai, okwaziwa nangokuthi "umgama": ingcamango esisiseko kwi-Aikido egxininisa ukubaluleka kokulawula nokuqonda indawo phakathi kwakho kunye nomchasi wakho. Ngokuziqhelanisa ne-Aikido, ufumana izakhono zokusebenzisa ngokucwangcisekileyo lo mgama ukunqanda uhlaselo lomchasi wakho ngokuhlala kude nokufikelela kwabo okanye ukuvala ngokukhawuleza umsantsa xa imeko ifuna oko.
  • Ukulungelelanisa, okwaziwa njenge-aase: Ibandakanya ukudibanisa kunye nokudibanisa amandla phakathi kwengcali kunye nomchasi wakhe. Kunokuba uluchase ngokuthe ngqo uhlaselo, injongo yakho kukudityaniswa namandla omchasi kwaye uwabuyisele ngobuchule nangebom.
  • Kokyu (umoya): Kwi-Aikido, ukubaluleka kokuphefumla okufanelekileyo akunakujongelwa phantsi. Kubalulekile ukugcina umoya wokuzola, ukugxila kunye nokuphucula ukusebenza kweendlela. Ukulungelelaniswa kokuphefumla ngeentshukumo kugxininiswa njengento ephambili yokufezekisa ezi njongo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi nge-Aikido kunye neempawu zayo.