Ngaba unokungadibani nenyama?

ukwaliwa yinyama

Ukwaliwa kokutya kuya kuxhaphaka ngakumbi kuluntu. Kuze kube yiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo, bekungekho menus ane-allergenic kwimivalo, kwaye iinkampani zokutya azizange zikhathalele ukugqamisa ubukho bezithako ezithile kwiimveliso zabo.
Ngokutsho kwengxelo ye-Allergology ka-2015, kukho kuphela phakathi kwe-1 kunye ne-3% yabemi ababonisa iimpawu zokungahambisani nokutya. Oku akuthethi ukuba akukho aleji engenakubonakaliswa.

Ezona zixhaphakileyo zidla ngokuba ngamandongomane, iziqhamo, ubisi, oonokrwece, amaqanda okanye intlanzi; kodwa kangangexesha elithile, kukho abantu abathi bayadinwa yinyama. Ngaba oku kunokwenzeka? Ngaba kuya kubakho abantu ekuya kufuneka bayeke ukutya ihambhega abayithandayo? Sihlalutya ukuba oku kuyinyani kwaye kunokuvela njani.

Ukwaliwa yinyama ngekhala?

Isilumkiso sizalelwe eUnited States, nangona kukwakho nabantu abanengxaki yokwaliwa eFransi, eJapan, eSweden naseSpain.
Ngokungafaniyo nokwaliwa kokutya, kwimeko yenyama iimpawu azibonakali ngokukhawuleza, kodwa ingenzeka ukuya kuthi ga Iiyure ezingama-6 kamva; Kunzima kakhulu ukudibanisa ukutshisa kunye nenyama.

UThomas Platts-Mills, ingcali yokugonywa kwezifo kwiDyunivesithi yaseVirginia (eUSA), yayinexhala lokuphanda oku kwaliwa kwaye yalumkisa kwiJenali ye-Allergy kunye neClinical Immunology yokuba oogqirha kufuneka baqaphele ukusabela okulibazisekayo ukuphepha iziphumo ezibi.

Njengoko benditshilo ngaphambili, ukususela ngeminyaka yee-90 eUnited States, kwaqala ukuvela amatyala abantu abathi ngenye imini bayeke ukutya inyama kuba bengakwazi ukuyinyamezela. Le nzululwazi yafumanisa ukuba abantu abadibaniyo ne-antibody cetuximab, babenezilwa-buhlungu ze-IgE kwi-alpha-gal, eziludidi lweswekile encanyathiselwe kwiproteni ekwinyama yezilwanyana ezanyisayo.

Ke uye waqhubeka nokuphanda kwaye wadlulisela-idatha evela kwabo bangavumiyo ukuya kwi-cetuximab kunye nezo zichasene nenyama. Ummangaliso yayikukuba ikhonkco eliqhelekileyo phakathi kwamaqela omabini lalo babebatywe likhalane.

Ewe, sinokuthi imvelaphi yokwaliwa kwenyama ebomvu ibangelwa kukulunywa kwamakhalane. Oko kuhlaba kunokubangela impendulo yokuzivikela komzimba eyenza ukungahambi kakuhle xa sisidla inyama, kodwa akufuneki ukuba yenzeke kuzo zonke iimeko.

Xa abantu bevela, ngokuthe ngcembe siye saphulukana namandla okuvelisa iswekile ebesikuthumele yona ngaphambili nekhoyo enyameni. Enyanisweni, uqhagamshelwano kuphela esinalo ngokwemvelo yintsholongwane yamathumbu.
Oko kukuthi, siyayinyamezela loo swekile ukusuka enyameni ngokusebenzisa indlela yokugaya; kodwa xa ikhalane liluma kuloo nyama, lidibana namathe alo kwaye kuxa ukusabela okulibazisekayo kwenzeka.

Amatyala eSpain

ESpain kuye kwakho iimeko zolu hlobo lokwaliwa, ngakumbi kwi Ummandla oseMntla njengeGalicia kunye neCantabria. Kwindaba ye IMeditera, kubonakala ngathi ayichaphazeli okanye akukho nani likhulu labantu abane-allergies.
Nangona kunjalo, inyama ebonisa i-allergies kakhulu eSpain yi izintso zehagu. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, eUnited States kwenzeka ngeehamburgers eziphekwe kwi-grill.

Akukabikho datha ingako malunga nokuba emva kokuqhambuka kokwaliwa yinyama, kufuneka kupheliswe ngokupheleleyo ekutyeni kwethu ngonaphakade. Nangona ngokucacileyo, kungcono ukuyiphepha de kubekho ulwazi oluninzi malunga nayo.


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