Izinto ezi-6 ongazaziyo malunga neSifo seLyme

indoda ehamba ethafeni

Isifo seLyme asaziwa ngokufanelekileyo phakathi kwabemi, nangona nabani na unokusiphuhlisa. Omnye wabantu bokugqibela abadumileyo ukuqaphela esi sifo yayinguJustin Bieber, owakhetha ukusigcina siyimfihlo esi sifo kwikhalane. Akazange alibone eli khalane likhohlakeleyo, kodwa akuzange kube kudala wabona irhashalala yenkunzi yenkomo, ngoku eyaziwa ngokuba luphawu lwesi sifo.

Iimpawu zayo eziphawulekayo ngumqala obuhlungu, ukudinwa okunzulu kunye nengqondo enamafu evimbela ukugxila. Nangona kunokwenzeka ukuba iimpawu azibonakali kude kube ziintsuku, iiveki kunye neenyanga emva kokulunywa. Nangona kunjalo, ayizizo zonke iziluma zamakhalane ezikhokelela kwizifo, kodwa kuyaqondakala ukuba yinto yokuqala esiyicingayo ngaloo mzuzu wokoyika ukufumana inambuzane eyonwabileyo efunxa emaqatheni okanye ngaphantsi kwezinqe zethu.

Ukukunceda uqonde isifo, sihlalutya imiba ephambili.

Unokufumana kuphela isifo seLyme kwikhikhi

Ngamanye amazwi, awuzukuyibamba kwisilo-qabane sosapho ebesizula-zula emva kwendlu. Nangona kunjalo, ezo zilwanyana zasekhaya zinokuzisa amakhalane endlwini, ezinokuthi zitye inyama yakho. (Awukwazi ukuyidlulisela kwiqabane lakho okanye abantwana, nokuba, ngaphandle kokuba ukhulelwe ngoku.)

Kukho nohlobo oluthile lwethiki enetyala: iLyme isasazwa yi inqaku lexhama, ekwaziwa ngokuba yi-blacklegged tick. Naluphi na uhlobo lokuluma lusasaza ibhaktheriya ebangela isifo.

Ungasiphelisa isinambuzane phambi kokuba sikusulele

Ikhalane kufuneka lihlale lincamathele kuwe kangangeeyure ezingama-36 ukuya kwezingama-48 ngaphambi kokuba lisasaze iintsholongwane ezibangela iLyme. Iindaba ezimnandi zezokuba ukuba unokulisusa elo khalane malunga neeyure ezingama-24, uya kuba ungenalo ithuba lokosuleleka. Ekuphela kwento efunekayo kukucoceka kwee-tweezers ukutsala ithikhi ngokuqinileyo phezulu nangaphandle kwesikhumba sakho.

Kakade ke, usenokungaliboni ikhalane, kuba lilingana nembewu yesesame. Yiyo loo nto ukukhangela okucokisekileyo kubaluleke kakhulu.

Indlela yokususa iikhalane ezicaphukisayo eluswini?

Asinguye wonke umntu onerhashalala

Ithathwa njengophawu lophawu, kwaye ukuya kuthi ga kwi-50% yabantu abanakuze babe nerhashalala. Kwaye abanye abantu basenokungayiboni irhashalala, njengasentlokweni, emva kweendlebe, okanye engqukuva. Kodwa iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zeLyme azinakubangela ukuqhambuka.

ibhinqa libopha imitya yezihlangu ehlathini

Ukufumana uxilongo kunokuba nzima kakhulu

Ukuxilongwa kwe-Lyme kuhlala kusekwe ekuqapheliseni inani leempawu kunye neempawu ezinokudibana nemicimbi emininzi yezempilo, kubandakanya intloko ebuhlungu, ukuqina kwentamo, iintlungu zamalungu, ukuqaqamba kwemisipha, isiyezi, ukuba ndindisholo kunye neengxaki zememori. Ngokuxhomekeke kusuku lweveki, usenokungacingi nokuba kufuneka udibane nogqirha ukuze ufumane umthombo wezinye zezo mpawu.

Uvavanyo lwegazi olukhoyo nalo alusoloko luchanekile. Ngokubhidayo, banokukhokelela kwizinto ezingeyonyani kunye nezinto ezingalunganga, okuthetha ukuba izigulana azisoloko zifumana unyango ezilufunayo.

Unyango olusemgangathweni alusebenzi kumntu wonke

Emva kwekhosi ecetyiswayo yamayeza okubulala iintsholongwane, ahlala iiveki ezi-2 ukuya kwezi-4, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-20% yezigulane zeLyme ziyaqhubeka zineempawu, nokuba ziintlungu zamalungu, ukudinwa, okanye ukuqaqamba kwemisipha. Eyake yaziwa ngokuba "sisifo seLyme esingapheliyo," iingcali ngoku zibiza le ngqokelela yeempawu ezingaziwayo Emva koNyango lweLyme Disease Syndromet PTLDS. Abanye abantu banokuba ne-immune system esele isengozini ngenxa yenye imeko yezempilo okanye olunye usulelo olwenzeka ngaxeshanye.

I-PTLDS, kunye nonyango lwayo, iyaphikisana

Indlela yokulawula ezi mpawu ziqhubekayo sisifundo esichukumisayo kwihlabathi laseLyme. Xa olo nyango luqhelekileyo lungasebenzi, abanye oogqirha bacebisa ukuba kusetyenziswe amayeza okubulala iintsholongwane exesha elide, kodwa iingcali ezininzi zempilo azifuni kwenjenjalo.


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