Wazi njani ukuba unokwaliwa kwamehlo?

ibhinqa elinokwalana namehlo

Ukwaliwa kwamehlo kwaziwa ngokuba yi-allergic conjunctivitis. Ineempawu zeempawu kwaye iqala ukuvela ngamaxesha apho imithi kunye nezityalo zidubula okanye ziwisa amagqabi azo.

Ukwaliwa kwamehlo yimpendulo engalunganga yokhuselo lomzimba eyenzeka xa iliso lidibana nento ecaphukisayo. Le nto yaziwa ngokuba yi-allergen. Ukusabela kubangela iimpawu ezininzi ezicaphukisayo, eziquka ukurhawuzelelwa, ukubomvu, kunye namehlo anamanzi. Kwabanye abantu, i-eczema kunye ne-asthma nazo zinokuvela. Amanye amayeza angaphandle anokunceda ukunciphisa iimpawu zokungalungi kwamehlo, kodwa abantu abanokwalana kakhulu banokufuna unyango olongezelelweyo olucetyiswa ngugqirha oyingcali.

Indlela yokubaqonda? iimpawu eziphambili

Akunzima kakhulu ukwazi iimpawu zokwaliwa kwamehlo, njengoko ngokuqhelekileyo ziquka ukurhawuzelelwa okanye ukutshisa kwamehlo, amehlo anamanzi, amehlo abomvu okanye apinki, ama-flakes ajikelezayo kunye neenkophe ezidumbileyo, ngakumbi ekuseni. Oku kunokwenzeka kuwo omabini okanye kwiliso elinye. Kwezinye iimeko, ezi mpawu zinokukhatshwa yimpumlo ephumayo, ukuxinana, okanye ukuthimla.

Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukwazi indlela yokwahlula i-eye allergies kwi-conjunctivitis. Iliso ligqunywe yinwebu encinci ebizwa ngokuba yi-conjunctiva. Xa i-conjunctiva icaphuka okanye ivutha, i-conjunctivitis ingenzeka. Esi sifo sibangela ukuba amehlo abe namanzi, arhawuzelelwe, abebomvu okanye abepinki.

Nangona i-pinkeye kunye ne-allergies yamehlo ineempawu ezifanayo, ziimeko ezimbini ezahlukeneyo. Ukwaliwa kwamehlo kubangelwa kukungasebenzi kakuhle kwamajoni omzimba. I-Conjunctivitis, nangona kunjalo, isiphumo sokwaliwa kwamehlo kunye nezinye izizathu. Ngokomzekelo, zisenokuba ngenxa yosulelo lwebhaktiriya, iintsholongwane, iilensi zoqhagamshelwano, okanye iikhemikhali. Ikwayosulela kakhulu, kodwa aleji yamehlo ayinjalo.

Yintoni ebangela ukwaliwa kwamehlo?

Njengoko i-allergies emehlweni, imvelaphi yayo ikwi-immune reaction engalunganga kwizinto ezithile. Uninzi lweempendulo zibangelwa yi-allergener emoyeni, njenge umungu, inkwethu, umsi, okanye uthuli. Ngokuqhelekileyo, inkqubo yomzimba yokuzikhusela yenza utshintsho kwimichiza emzimbeni enceda ekulweni nabahlaseli abayingozi, njengebhaktiriya kunye neentsholongwane. Nangona kunjalo, kubantu abane-allergies, amajoni omzimba achaza ngempazamo i-allergen engenabungozi njenge-intruder eyingozi kwaye iqala ukulwa nayo. Ngokuqhelekileyo, ezi mpendulo zinokuthi zenzeke xa umntu edibana ne-allergen kwaye ehlikihla amehlo.

I-histamine ikhutshwa xa amehlo edibana ne-allergen. Le nto ibangela iimpawu ezininzi ezingathandekiyo, ezifana namanzi kunye namehlo arhawuzelayo. Kusenokubangela ukuba impumlo ibaleke, ukuthimla, kunye nokukhohlela. Ukwaliwa kwamehlo kuyenzeka naliphi na ixesha enyakeni. Nangona kunjalo, ixhaphake ngakumbi ngeenyanga zasentwasahlobo, zasehlotyeni nasekwindla, xa imithi kunye nezityalo zidubula.

Nangona kunjalo, ukufumanisa ukuba ngokwenene sinengxaki yokwaliwa kwamehlo, Kufuneka ibe yi-allergist oyixilongayo. Ukubona i-allergist kubalulekile ukuba unezinye iimpawu ezinxulumene ne-allergies, ezifana ne-asthma okanye i-eczema. Uya kuqala ahlole iimpawu zakho aze enze uvavanyo lwesikhumba ukuze aqinisekise unobangela. Uvavanyo lwe-skin prick lubandakanya ukuhlatywa kwesikhumba kunye nokufaka imilinganiselo emincinci yezinto ezikrokrelekayo ukubona ukuba kukho ukusabela okungalunganga. Kwimizuzu embalwa kuya kuvela iqhuma elibomvu, elidumbileyo, nto leyo ebonisa ukuba umntu uyakwalana.

ibhinqa elinokwalana namehlo

Kunyangwa njani ukwaliwa kwamehlo?

Eyona ndlela ilungileyo yokunyanga ukwaliwa kwamehlo kukunqanda i-allergen ebangela oko. Nangona kunjalo, oku akusoloko kusenzeka, ngakumbi ukuba unokwaliwa ngamaxesha athile onyaka. Ngethamsanqa, kukho unyango olunokuthi luthomalalise iimpawu zokwaliwa kwamehlo.

Amayeza

Amanye amayeza omlomo kunye neempumlo anokunceda ukuthomalalisa ukungaboni kakuhle kwamehlo, ngakumbi xa kukho ezinye iimpawu zokwaliwa. Kufuneka zihlale zizizo zokupheka kwaye zinconywe yingcali. Ukongeza, kwiimeko ezininzi uya kufuna i-prescription ukuze uzithenge.

Ezona zixhaphakileyo zii-antihistamines, i-decongestants okanye i-steroids. Gwema ukudlula idosi ecetyiswayo kwaye unamathele kwiintsuku ezithile zokuyithatha.

Izithonga zokwaliwa

Kukho i-allergists enokucebisa ukudubula komzimba ukuba iimpawu aziphuculi ngamayeza. I-Allergy shots luhlobo lwe-immunotherapy olufuna uluhlu lweenaliti ze-allergen.

Isixa se-allergen kwi-shot sanda ngokuthe ngcembe ngokuhamba kwexesha, nangona banokunikwa iminyaka emininzi ngokulandelelana. Izithonga zokwaliwa ziguqula indlela osabela ngayo umzimba wakho kwi-allergen, enceda ukunciphisa ubunzulu bezinto ozenzayo.

Amehlo wamehlo

Kukho iintlobo ezininzi ezahlukeneyo zamathontsi eliso, umyalelo kunye ne-counter-the-counter, ekhoyo ukunyanga i-allergies yamehlo. Amathontsi eliso asetyenziselwa ukwaliwa kwamehlo ahlala equlathe i-olopatadine hydrochloride, isithako esinokuthi sithomalalise ngempumelelo iimpawu ezinxulumene nokungaguquki. Zikwafumaneka simahla. iinyembezi zokwenziwa, nto leyo enokunceda ukususa i-allergens emehlweni.

Ezinye iithontsi zamehlo ziqulathe antihistamines okanye nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Amanye amathontsi eliso kufuneka asetyenziswe yonke imihla, ngelixa amanye angasetyenziswa njengoko kufuneka ukuthomalalisa iimpawu. Kubalulekile ukubonana nogqirha ukufumanisa ukuba ngawaphi amathontsi eliso asebenza kakuhle.

Iyeza lendalo

Amayeza endalo awahlukeneyo asetyenziselwe ukunyanga ukwaliwa kwamehlo ngokwamanqanaba ahlukeneyo empumelelo, kuquka iallium cepa, eyenziwe ngetswele elimfusa, ieuphorbia, kunye negalphimia. Nangona kunjalo, cela ugqirha ukuba kukho naliphi na iyeza lasekhaya likhuselekile ukusebenzisa kwimeko yakho, kwaye ukuba liyasebenza ngokwenene.

Ilaphu lokuhlamba elipholileyo nelimanzi lisenokuzisa isiqabu kwabo badikwa namehlo. Ungazama ukubeka isosula phezu kwamehlo akho avaliweyo amaxesha amaninzi ngosuku. Oku kunokunceda ukukhulula ukoma kunye nokucaphuka.

ibhinqa elinokwalana namehlo

Ngaba banokuthintelwa?

Ukuze ugweme ukubonakala kwe-allergies yamehlo, into yokuqala ekufuneka siyenze kukulawula ukubonakaliswa kwezinto ezinokuthi zibangele iimpawu. Kukho iimeko ezininzi, i-allergies ngaphandle, ngaphakathi okanye izilwanyana zasekhaya.

umboniso wangaphandle

Ngokufanelekileyo, hlala ngaphakathi kangangoko kunokwenzeka xa ubalo lwe-pollen luphezulu, ngokuqhelekileyo phakathi kusasa nangokuhlwa, naxa umungu uvuthelwa ngumoya. Kukwacetyiswa ukuba ugweme ukusetyenziswa kweefestile zefestile ezinokutsala i-pollen kunye nokubumba endlwini.

Kungumbono omhle ukunxiba iindondo okanye iindondo zelanga xa ungaphandle ukuze unciphise inani lepollen engena emehlweni akho. Yaye ukuba uyarhawuzelelwa, zama ukungawacikici amehlo, njengoko oku kuya kuwacaphukisa kwaye kunokwenza imeko ibe mandundu.

utyhileko lwangaphakathi

Kubalulekile ukugcina iifestile zivaliwe kwaye usebenzise i-air conditioning emotweni nasekhaya. Kakade ke, kubalulekile ukugcina izixhobo zomoya zicocekile ukuze kuthintelwe ukwanda kothuli.

Kukwacetyiswa ukuba kuncitshiswe ukuchanabeka kwiingolwane, ngakumbi kwigumbi lokulala. Sebenzisa izigqubuthelo "zobungqina bemite" kwimiqamelo, iiduvethi kunye needuvethi, kunye noomatrasi kunye nemithombo yebhokisi. Kwakhona, kufuneka uhlambe ibhedi rhoqo, usebenzisa amanzi ashushu.

Ukunciphisa ukuchanabeka kumngundo, gcina ukufuma kwekhaya lakho kusezantsi (ama-30 ukuya kuma-50 ekhulwini) kunye nezindlu zangasese ezicocekileyo, amakhitshi kunye namagumbi angaphantsi rhoqo. Sebenzisa i-dehumidifier, ngakumbi kwindawo engaphantsi kunye nezinye iindawo ezifumileyo, kwaye ungenanto kwaye uyicoce rhoqo. Ukuba isikhunta sibonakala, sicoce nge-detergent kunye ne-5 yepesenti ye-bleach isisombululo.

Ukusebenzisana nezilwanyana zasekhaya

Ukuba ukulamba kwamehlo akho kungenxa yokunxibelelana nezilwanyana zasekhaya, hlamba izandla zakho ngoko nangoko emva kokuphulula nasiphi na isilwanyana. Kukwacetyiswa ukuba uhlambe iimpahla emva kokutyelela abahlobo kunye nezilwanyana ezifuywayo.

Ukuba awudibani nesilwanyana sasekhaya, zama ukusigcina ngaphandle kwekhaya lakho kangangoko. Ukuba isilwanyana sasekhaya kufuneka sibe ngaphakathi ngenxa yokuba uhlala kwincopho, yigcine ngaphandle kwegumbi lokulala ukuze ingakuvezi kwizinto zezilwanyana ngelixa ulele. Kukwacetyiswa ukuba utshintshe iikhaphethi nge-hardwood, i-tile okanye i-linoleum, ekulula ukuyigcina ikhululekile kwi-dander.


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