Aikido, a martial art that balances body and mind


Created by Morihei Ueshiba in the mid-20th century, the Aikido It is a martial art and sport originating from Japan. Its foundation lies in philosophical principles that focus on energy management, the search for harmony through resistance and dominance of the opponent.

In this article we are going to tell you what the characteristics, history and origin of Aikido are.

The history and origins of Aikido

aikido art

Created by esteemed Japanese master Morihei Ueshiba, Aikido is a unique fusion of several traditional Japanese martial arts. Its foundation lies in the concept of taking advantage of the opponent's energy and redirecting it towards him, turning it into a form of combat that avoids both weapons and direct physical confrontation.

The philosophy of nonviolence, which forms the basis of Aikido, was created by Master Ueshiba through the integration of the principles of the Buddha, Zen philosophy and the spiritual teachings of various Eastern traditions.

"The path of harmony with universal energy" is the translation of the Japanese word Aikido. Aikido aims to neutralize the opponent using graceful and fluid techniques, rather than relying on pure force.

The art of Aikido, created by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), also known as O-Sensei, emerged in the XNUMXth century. In the early stages of his martial arts journey, O-Sensei immersed himself in the teachings of traditional Japanese disciplines such as Jiu-Jitsu and Kendo. However, he also delved into the areas of philosophy, religion and natural sciences. As his training progressed, O-Sensei embarked on a path to forge a novel approach to combat and self-defense focused on the principles of harmony and collaboration, rather than aggression and rivalry.

Base of Aikido


The basis of Aikido lies in principles that emphasize the effective use of energy, promoting cooperation and harmony with adversaries and the resolution of conflicts in a non-violent manner. Aikido is cultivated within an atmosphere of collaboration and mutual esteem, with a primary focus on individual growth that encompasses both physical and mental aspects.

Aikido, which is now widely practiced around the world and has a large following, attracts numerous enthusiasts and practitioners. Considered a type of dynamic meditation, Aikido serves as a means of personal growth and offers strategies to resolve conflicts non-violently.

Advantages of practicing it

martial art

Aikido, a martial art originating in Japan, prioritizes the principles of harmony, fluid movement and peaceful conflict resolution. Aikido offers numerous advantages, such as:

  • It has a positive impact on emotional and mental well-being: By regularly participating in this martial art, people can experience a decrease in stress levels, increased concentration, and an overall sense of calm and harmony within themselves.
  • Build connections: emphasizes the importance of mutual respect and collaboration with fellow practitioners. By fostering an environment of trust and cooperation, Aikido allows for the formation of lasting and beneficial relationships.
  • Encourages improvement of physical attributes such as flexibility, coordination, balance and endurance: By using circular movements and techniques, the muscles are strengthened and the general posture of the body is improved.
  • Provides valuable knowledge on self-defense and the ability to counter attacks without inflicting serious damage on the aggressor: rather than meeting force head-on, it emphasizes the art of redirecting the opponent's energy.
  • Encourages the development of mental composure, self-discipline and focused attention: Participants acquire the ability to effectively manage stress and regulate their emotions in difficult circumstances.

At the center of Aikido is the principle of harmony and non-confrontation, which serves as the basis for the peaceful resolution of conflicts. The practice of Aikido focuses on seeking peaceful resolutions and resolving conflicts effectively without resorting to violence. The underlying philosophy of Aikido encompasses principles of respect, humility, courtesy and cooperation. These principles are not limited to the confines of the tatami, but extend to all aspects of daily existence. The practice of Aikido often fosters deep connections between its participants. Training partners often form strong bonds, and the dojo community offers a support network where friendship and a sense of belonging thrive.

What are the underlying principles that form Aikido?

The practice of Aikido is guided by a set of fundamental principles that form the basis of this martial art. These principles, deeply rooted in the philosophy and technique of Aikido, are crucial to a comprehensive understanding and effective application of this discipline. Some of the key principles of Aikido include:

  • The principle of Ai: emphasizes the search for harmony in various aspects of life. This includes achieving inner harmony, fostering harmonious relationships with others, and promoting harmony with the environment. In the practice of Aikido, individuals strive to maintain composure and mental stability, allowing them to seek peaceful solutions to conflicts rather than engaging in confrontations.
  • The concept of Ki: Also known as energy or spirit, it has great meaning in Aikido. It encompasses the vital life force that practitioners strive to cultivate, harness and channel. Through the practice of Aikido, individuals learn to master the art of manipulating this internal energy, as well as their interaction with their opponent, using elegant and fluid movements that follow circular patterns.
  • The concept of Do: It belongs to the path or journey of practice. Aikido encompasses more than just a collection of physical techniques; serves as a path for personal growth and continued advancement. Those who practice Aikido strive to improve not only their physical abilities but also their overall character and outlook on life.
  • Mai, also known as "distance": is a fundamental concept in Aikido that emphasizes the importance of controlling and understanding the space between you and your opponent. Through the practice of Aikido, you gain the skills to strategically use this distance to avoid your opponent's attacks by staying out of their reach or to quickly close the gap when the situation demands it.
  • Harmonization, known as awase: It involves the fusion and unification of energies between the practitioner and his opponent. Rather than directly opposing the attack, your goal is to blend with the opponent's energy and redirect it skillfully and deliberately.
  • Kokyu (breath): In Aikido, the importance of proper breathing cannot be underestimated. It is crucial to maintain a sense of calm, concentration and improve the effectiveness of the techniques. Coordination of breathing with movements is emphasized as a key element to achieve these objectives.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about Aikido and its characteristics.